Córcega e Irlanda: Prohibición de utilizar bolsas de plástico

Organizador : Oficina del Medioambiente de Córcega (OEC)
Lugar de la acción: Córcega
Fecha de inicio : Llamamiento a la movilización en 1999

Descripción de la acción : Se ha avanzado mucho desde que en 1999 los organizadores del Festival del Viento de Calvi hicieran un llamamiento para buscar rápidas soluciones alternativas que permitieran frenar la degradación y la contaminación del paisaje insular. El 17 de diciembre de 2002, la Oficina del Medioambiente de Córcega lanzó una campaña para sustituir las bolsas de plástico, y en primavera de 2003 hizo una consulta popular al respecto. En mayo de 2003, la Asamblea Territorial de Córcega votó una moción con el objetivo de prohibir el uso de las bolsas de plástico en la isla y de promover soluciones alternativas no contaminantes.

Recursos aplicados : El 17 de diciembre de 2002, la Oficina del Medioambiente de Córcega lanzó una campaña para la sustitución de las bolsas de plástico, con el apoyo de los principales representantes de la red de distribución, y en primavera de 2003 realizó una consulta popular al respecto.

Evaluación de la situación antes de emprender la acción : En la isla se habían repartido 100 millones de bolsas de plástico y muchas de ellas fueron arrojadas a la naturaleza...

Evaluación de la situación actual : ¡Desde el 23 y el 24 de mayo de 2003, en Córcega está prohibido utilizar y distribuir bolsas de plástico!

Expedition Watch the Waste

Organiser :  Watch the Waste ; French association created with the goal of addressing issues of water pollution.  Watch the Waste organise the collection of information for scientific research regarding water pollution.
Place of action : North East Atlantique
Date of action: 10 October 2009 marked the departure of the first waste watching expédition in the Atlantique !

Description of the action :  To identify the zones of conglomerated waste at high tide.  Watch the Waste want to put in place the ‘PODEM’ , a device designed to allow a real time and interactive map to track conglomerated floating waste in the océans.

Implementation:  Atlantique Expedition 2009/2010
Moyens mis en oeuvreThe first expédition of Watch the Waste was to determine the materials required to install the ‘PODEM’, in order to identify and to track conglomerated floating waste.  It left via the north Atlantique for identifying the zones of conglomerated waste along its path.

State of the area before the action : Etat des lieux In 1999, Charles Moore discovered the Great Pacific Garbage Patch – a conglomération of waste four times the size of France in the heart of the Pacific Ocean.  Some of the difficulties in fighting this type of waste is a lack of visibility from afar, and a lack of public initiatives dedicated to the fight against macro-waste in deep seas.

State of the area today:  on 12 December, the team left Dakar for exploring the Atlantique Ocean in search for similar blankets of waste.

Méditerranée : interdiction des rejets de navires

Organisateur : Organisation des Nations Unis (O.N.U.)
Lieu de l’action : Mer Méditerranée
Action engagée en/le : 1er mai 2009

Descriptif de l’action : L’O.N.U. dans le cadre du Plan d’Action pour la Méditerranée (P.A.M.) a interdit le 1er mai 2009 le rejet des déchets domestiques en Mer Méditerranée par les navires la fréquentant.

Moyens mis en œuvre : L’O.N.U. a mis en place une législation interdisant les rejets en mer d’ordures par les navires.

Etat des lieux avant l’action : Avant cette restriction, les navires pouvaient jeter leurs ordures à partir de 12 milles nautiques des côtes.

Etat des lieux aujourd’hui : Il est interdit pour les navires naviguant en mer Méditerranée de jeter leurs déchets en mer.

OSPAR for the quantification and characterisation of waste

Organiser : OSPAR, the OSPAR Convention is a légal instrument guiding the international coopération for the protection of the marine environment of the north-east Atlantique.
Place of action : North East Atlantique, comprising 5 zones of studies :

 

Date of action: since 1993

Description of action: The OSPAR Convention contains a général obligation to collaborate for the regular surveillance and évaluation of the state of the marine environment in the maritime sector.
Implementation: A collection of 5 themed stratégies were identified within the terms of reference of OSPAR : biodiversity and ecosystems ; eutrophisation ; dangerous substances ; petrol, gas and offshore industries ; and radioactive substances. Thèse stratégies are connected by a program for common surveillance and évaluation, in order to establish and report on the quality of the marine environment and to follow the implémentation and the improvements in the marine environment. The stratégies are integrated to support a systematically eco-approach.

State of area before action :

State of area today:

EuroSIMA : Polybags and the Surf industries

Organiser : EuroSIMA cluster ; private and public resources contributing to the promotion and development of the surf and other glide industries in the Aquitaine.
Place of action : Principally in the Aquitaine ; this initiative could also have  general application in textile industries throughout the world currently using polybags.
Date of action:  Initial studies started in 2008 (studies carried out to analyse the lifespan and eco-design of the polybag).

Description of the action : Surf industries buy and use plastic material used as a cover to protect their different products for sale, known as the polybag. descriptif de l'action It has been estimated that the glide industry internationally uses more than 100 million polybags per year.  Conscious of the environmental impacts of the polybag, these industries have formed a body to implement an analysis of the life cycle of the polybag and to carry out studies to find a more ecologically sound solution.

Implementation: An analysis of the lifecycle of a polybag and a study of eco-design have been carried out.

Position before the action :  Each year the surf and other glide industries internationally use 100 million polybags to wrap and protect their products. The environmental impact of this is significant, as the polybag is not recyclable.

Position today:  A cost analysis of implementing a local and recyclable alternative scheme has shown the great environmental and economic interest in doing so.  Tests and negotiations are underway with the relevant recyclable plastic material businesses.
For more information : www.eurosima.com